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Sourcecode: python-openid version File versions

etxrd.py

# -*- test-case-name: yadis.test.test_etxrd -*-
"""
ElementTree interface to an XRD document.
"""

__all__ = [
    'nsTag',
    'mkXRDTag',
    'isXRDS',
    'parseXRDS',
    'getCanonicalID',
    'getYadisXRD',
    'getPriorityStrict',
    'getPriority',
    'prioSort',
    'iterServices',
    'expandService',
    'expandServices',
    ]

import sys
import random

from openid.oidutil import importElementTree
ElementTree = importElementTree()

# Use expat if it's present. Otherwise, use xmllib
try:
    XMLTreeBuilder = ElementTree.XMLTreeBuilder

    # This will raise an ImportError if an XML parser is not present.
    p = XMLTreeBuilder()
except ImportError:
    from elementtree.SimpleXMLTreeBuilder import TreeBuilder as XMLTreeBuilder

# the different elementtree modules don't have a common exception
# model. We just want to be able to catch the exceptions that signify
# malformed XML data and wrap them, so that the other library code
# doesn't have to know which XML library we're using.
try:
    # Make the parser raise an exception so we can sniff out the type
    # of exceptions
    p.feed('> purposely malformed XML <')
    p.close()
except (SystemExit, MemoryError, AssertionError, ImportError):
    raise
except:
    XMLError = sys.exc_info()[0]
    del p

from openid.yadis import xri

00053 class XRDSError(Exception):
    """An error with the XRDS document."""

    # The exception that triggered this exception
    reason = None



00061 class XRDSFraud(XRDSError):
    """Raised when there's an assertion in the XRDS that it does not have
    the authority to make.
    """



def parseXRDS(text):
    """Parse the given text as an XRDS document.

    @return: ElementTree containing an XRDS document

    @raises XRDSError: When there is a parse error or the document does
        not contain an XRDS.
    """
    try:
        parser = XMLTreeBuilder()
        parser.feed(text)
        element = parser.close()
    except XMLError, why:
        exc = XRDSError('Error parsing document as XML')
        exc.reason = why
        raise exc
    else:
        tree = ElementTree.ElementTree(element)
        if not isXRDS(tree):
            raise XRDSError('Not an XRDS document')

        return tree

XRD_NS_2_0 = 'xri://$xrd*($v*2.0)'
XRDS_NS = 'xri://$xrds'

def nsTag(ns, t):
    return '{%s}%s' % (ns, t)

def mkXRDTag(t):
    """basestring -> basestring

    Create a tag name in the XRD 2.0 XML namespace suitable for using
    with ElementTree
    """
    return nsTag(XRD_NS_2_0, t)

def mkXRDSTag(t):
    """basestring -> basestring

    Create a tag name in the XRDS XML namespace suitable for using
    with ElementTree
    """
    return nsTag(XRDS_NS, t)

# Tags that are used in Yadis documents
root_tag = mkXRDSTag('XRDS')
service_tag = mkXRDTag('Service')
xrd_tag = mkXRDTag('XRD')
type_tag = mkXRDTag('Type')
uri_tag = mkXRDTag('URI')

# Other XRD tags
canonicalID_tag = mkXRDTag('CanonicalID')

def isXRDS(xrd_tree):
    """Is this document an XRDS document?"""
    root = xrd_tree.getroot()
    return root.tag == root_tag

def getYadisXRD(xrd_tree):
    """Return the XRD element that should contain the Yadis services"""
    xrd = None

    # for the side-effect of assigning the last one in the list to the
    # xrd variable
    for xrd in xrd_tree.findall(xrd_tag):
        pass

    # There were no elements found, or else xrd would be set to the
    # last one
    if xrd is None:
        raise XRDSError('No XRD present in tree')

    return xrd


def getCanonicalID(iname, xrd_tree):
    """Return the CanonicalID from this XRDS document.

    @param iname: the XRI being resolved.
    @type iname: unicode

    @param xrd_tree: The XRDS output from the resolver.
    @type xrd_tree: ElementTree

    @returns: The XRI CanonicalID or None.
    @returntype: unicode or None
    """
    xrd_list = xrd_tree.findall(xrd_tag)
    xrd_list.reverse()

    try:
        canonicalID = xri.XRI(xrd_list[0].findall(canonicalID_tag)[-1].text)
    except IndexError:
        return None

    childID = canonicalID

    for xrd in xrd_list[1:]:
        # XXX: can't use rsplit until we require python >= 2.4.
        parent_sought = childID[:childID.rindex('!')]
        parent_list = [xri.XRI(c.text) for c in xrd.findall(canonicalID_tag)]
        if parent_sought not in parent_list:
            raise XRDSFraud("%r can not come from any of %s" % (parent_sought,
                                                                parent_list))

        childID = parent_sought

    root = xri.rootAuthority(iname)
    if not xri.providerIsAuthoritative(root, childID):
        raise XRDSFraud("%r can not come from root %r" % (childID, root))

    return canonicalID



00185 class _Max(object):
    """Value that compares greater than any other value.

    Should only be used as a singleton. Implemented for use as a
    priority value for when a priority is not specified."""
    def __cmp__(self, other):
        if other is self:
            return 0

        return 1

Max = _Max()

def getPriorityStrict(element):
    """Get the priority of this element.

    Raises ValueError if the value of the priority is invalid. If no
    priority is specified, it returns a value that compares greater
    than any other value.
    """
    prio_str = element.get('priority')
    if prio_str is not None:
        prio_val = int(prio_str)
        if prio_val >= 0:
            return prio_val
        else:
            raise ValueError('Priority values must be non-negative integers')

    # Any errors in parsing the priority fall through to here
    return Max

def getPriority(element):
    """Get the priority of this element

    Returns Max if no priority is specified or the priority value is invalid.
    """
    try:
        return getPriorityStrict(element)
    except ValueError:
        return Max

def prioSort(elements):
    """Sort a list of elements that have priority attributes"""
    # Randomize the services before sorting so that equal priority
    # elements are load-balanced.
    random.shuffle(elements)

    prio_elems = [(getPriority(e), e) for e in elements]
    prio_elems.sort()
    sorted_elems = [s for (_, s) in prio_elems]
    return sorted_elems

def iterServices(xrd_tree):
    """Return an iterable over the Service elements in the Yadis XRD

    sorted by priority"""
    xrd = getYadisXRD(xrd_tree)
    return prioSort(xrd.findall(service_tag))

def sortedURIs(service_element):
    """Given a Service element, return a list of the contents of all
    URI tags in priority order."""
    return [uri_element.text for uri_element
            in prioSort(service_element.findall(uri_tag))]

def getTypeURIs(service_element):
    """Given a Service element, return a list of the contents of all
    Type tags"""
    return [type_element.text for type_element
            in service_element.findall(type_tag)]

def expandService(service_element):
    """Take a service element and expand it into an iterator of:
    ([type_uri], uri, service_element)
    """
    uris = sortedURIs(service_element)
    if not uris:
        uris = [None]

    expanded = []
    for uri in uris:
        type_uris = getTypeURIs(service_element)
        expanded.append((type_uris, uri, service_element))

    return expanded

def expandServices(service_elements):
    """Take a sorted iterator of service elements and expand it into a
    sorted iterator of:
    ([type_uri], uri, service_element)

    There may be more than one item in the resulting list for each
    service element if there is more than one URI or type for a
    service, but each triple will be unique.

    If there is no URI or Type for a Service element, it will not
    appear in the result.
    """
    expanded = []
    for service_element in service_elements:
        expanded.extend(expandService(service_element))

    return expanded

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